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Ego Development

Page history last edited by Debra Lee 14 years, 11 months ago

Ego Development


Major Theorist

Jane Loevinger


From Jane Loevinger (1976), comes a theory with Freudian roots. Loevinger's theory is similar to Erikson's Psychosocial development theory, but Loevinger felt that one theory had to be completed before a person could move to the next level. When and how we move along Loevinger's stages varies from person to person (Bjorklund & Bee, 2008).



Loevinger's Stages of Ego Development
Impulse Control
Interpersonal Mode Conscious Preoccupation
Impulsive Impulsive Egocentric, dependent Bodily feelings
Self-protective Opportunistic Manipulative, wary "Trouble," control
Conformist Respect for rules Cooperative, loyal Appearances, behavior
Self-aware Exceptions allowable Helpful, self-aware Feelings, problems, adjustments
Conscientious Self-evaluated standards, self-critical Intense, responsible Motives, traits, achievement
Individualistic Tolerant Mutual Individuality, development, roles
Autonomous Coping with conflict Interdependent Self-fulfillment, psychological causation

















Taken from Bjorklund & Bee, 2008


A sentence-completion test has been developed which can test the stages of ego development. In studies done using the test, individuals with higher ego development scores demonstrated an integrative theme of development. That is, they had new perspectives on themselves and others (Bjorklund & Bee, 2008).



Bjorklund, B. R. & Bee, H. L. (2008). The Journey of Adulthood, 6th ed., Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.


Loevinger, J. (1976). Ego development. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Web Links


     From an advanced seminar, a student's reflection on Loevinger.



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